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Intellectual Disorders (ID)

May 7, 2020

Intellectual Disorders usually arise before the age of twenty-two and last for a lifetime. This disability interferes with normal speech and communication. Issues with movement and walking are persistent. Learning is extremely challenging in some cases. There are also the problems faced with personal care, eating, and overall being able to live independently.

The DSM-5 defines Intellectual Disorders as “neurodevelopmental disorders that begin in childhood and are characterized by intellectual difficulties as well as difficulties in conceptual, social, and practical areas of living.” The classifications go further to explain situations of being mild, moderate and severe. At present there are no laboratory tests for determining Intellectual Disorders. Although, it is possible to determine genetic factors for ID through laboratory tests. What is interesting is the research shows that females are less likely than males to be diagnosed with ID.

Intellectual disorders require diagnosis under Social Security's definition and are twofold. One, is having a markedly below average general intellectual functioning in cognitive inability to function. It also includes significant deficiencies in adaptive skills, for example such skills as our ability to communicate with another or being dependent for everyday personal needs. Lastly, the definition includes one's present abilities to function intelligently or engage in personal independence prior to the age of 22.

The definition can also be satisfied if the claimant's full scale measured IQ score is 70 or below or a full scale measured IQ score of 71-75, with a verbal or performance IQ score of 70 or below.

The testing that measures these values must be administered by professionals in accordance with recognized standardized testing. The test most frequently used in making these diagnoses is the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-V).

Prior to the age of 22, there must be distinct interference with mental functions such as the ability to comprehend, remember or recall and apply information. The ability to concentrate, stay on task and persist in an activity is a measured skill as well. Social interactions and how one manages themselves are also noted in the report.

If you feel you are eligible for this type of disability please contact the Law Office of Madeline M McIntosh to make an appointment for your consultation.

This blog is intended for information purposes only and does not establish legal representation or financial guidance.